Navigating the Night: A Closer Look at Our Sleep Stages

Navigating the Night: A Closer Look at Our Sleep Stages


Sleep is a captivating symphony of rhythms, a nightly dance of biological processes that rejuvenate and restore our bodies and minds. In this post, we’ll delve into the mysterious world of sleep cycles, exploring the stages that each of us experiences every night.

The Journey Through Night:

Sleep isn’t a monolithic state but a journey through distinct stages, each with its unique characteristics and functions. It can be broadly categorised into non-REM and REM sleep.

Non-REM Sleep:

  • Stage 1 & 2: These initial stages act as a gentle introduction to sleep, where your heartbeat slows, body temperature decreases, and brain waves begin to slow down.
  • Stage 3 & 4: Here, we plunge into the depths of sleep. The brain generates powerful waves, the body undergoes physical restoration, memories are fortified, and the cardiovascular system experiences a soothing overhaul.

REM Sleep:

This is the stage of vibrant, cinematic dreams. The brain becomes active, almost mirroring wakefulness, while our voluntary muscles enter a state of paralysis. It’s a time for emotional healing and creative insight, a unique phase where problems find their solutions.

Sleep Cycle Dance:

Throughout the night, non-REM and REM stages alternate in a rhythmic dance, approximately every 90 minutes. The balance between non-REM and REM shifts as the night progresses, with deep non-REM sleep dominating early cycles and REM sleep taking the spotlight later.

Implications of Sleep Structure:

Understanding sleep structure offers valuable insights. For example, losing sleep in the early morning can result in losing a significant amount of REM sleep, which predominantly occurs in the night's second half. According to leading sleep expert Dr Matthew Walker, losing 2 hours at the end of a typical 8 hour sleep can reduce the amount of REM sleep by up to 70%, even if the total sleep loss is only 25%.

Unified in Sleep:

Despite our differences, every human experiences these sleep cycles. Understanding our nightly rhythms allows us to appreciate the universal aspects of the human experience, as we all engage in this nightly dance of restoration and renewal.


Sleep cycles are a marvel, a complex and elegant ballet of biological processes. By understanding the intricacies of our sleep, we not only gain valuable insights into our well-being but also tap into the shared rhythms that unite us all.

By Rory Macpherson